Ruqayyah bint Muhammad

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RUQAYYAH BINT MUḤAMMAD IBN ʿABD ALLĀH IBN ʿABD AL-MUṬṬALIB IBN HĀSHIM (may Allah be pleased with her) was the second-born daughter of the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) and his first wife Khadījah (may Allah be pleased with her), being the third of their six children. She was born prior to the beginning of revelation of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم (may Allah bless him and grant him peace), and was betrothed by him صلى الله عليه وسلم (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) to his cousin ʿUtbah ibn Abū Lahab on the request of his صلى الله عليه وسلم (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) uncle. At the same time, her younger sister Umm Kulthūm (may Allah be pleased with her), was betrothed to another son of Abū Lahab.

After the Chosen Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) began receiving the revelation and inviting his kinsmen to Islam, Abū Lahab ordered ʿUtbah to divorce Ruqayyah prior to the consummation of their marriage, and she remained in the household of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم (may Allah bless him and grant him peace). Not long later, the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) accepted the offer of her hand in marriage from his close Companion, ʿUthmān Ibn ʿAffān (may Allah be pleased with him) and the marriage took place. The couple were devoted to each other and were praised for their beauty.(i)

A Map of the Al-Baqi' cemetery in Madinah, showing graves of prominent companions and family of the Messenger (may Allah bless him and grant him peace)
Ruqayyah's grave is located at Al-Baqi' cemetery in Madinah

Ruqayyah emigrated to Abyssinia with her husband following the increase in hostility towards the new religion and remained there for two years before returning to Makkah. She stayed in Makkah until after the passing of her mother, after which she accompanied her husband as one of the first people to emigrate to Yathrib. She gave birth to a boy, named ʿAbd Allāh, but he died whilst still an infant. Then, she was afflicted by a serious feverish illness, which caused the Prophet of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) to delay marching out for the Battle of Badr as much as he could. Her husband missed the Battle of Badr as he remained behind to nurse her during her illness. She died in 2 AH whilst her father صلى الله عليه وسلم (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) was still at Badr, and she was buried by her husband at Al-Baqī’ cemetery in Madīnah. Her grave was visited by the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) and her youngest sister Fāṭimah (may Allah be pleased with her) on his return from Badr.

Related Biographies:
Umm Kulthum bint Muhammad
Uthman ibn Affan

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